Question-1. What is a program?
Answer: A program is a set of instructions written continuously in a computer language to solve a specific problem through the computer. A program is a sequence of instruction of sets in solving problems using the computer.
Question 2. What is a programming language?
Ans: A programming language is the code or code of a program written continuously in a computer language to solve a specific problem through the computer. Among the different types of programming languages - C, C, Visual BASIC, Java, Oracle, Pascal, COBOL, FORTRAN, ALGOL, Python, Prolog, etc. are notable.
Question-3. What is machine language?
Answer: The language that the computer machine can understand directly is machine language or mechanical language. What is a program?
That is, the proposal/plan that is written using binary numbers (0 and 1) is called machine language. No matter what language the program is written in, it eventually has to be translated into computer comprehensible machine language (0 and 1). What is a program?
Question-4. What is assembly language?
Ans: The program which is composed by short form or symbol of a word is called assembly language. It is also called mnemonic code.
This is basically a method of shortening machine language. This signal helps to remember a large number or word. Such as Add to Add for Addition, Substruction to Sub for Subtraction, Mult for Multiplication to Mult, etc. Assembly language was introduced in 1950.
Question-5. What is a mid-level language?
Answer: The language which can be combined between the lower-level language and the higher-level language is called the intermediate language. What is a program?
Question-6. Why is C called a medium-level language?
A: C is called intermediate language because it is a combination of low-level language assembly and higher language programming techniques. C language is called the father of computer language. C, Java, etc. are called intermediate languages.
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Question-7 What is high-level language/program?
A: The proposal/plan that is created using the English language to make the computer suitable for universal use is called high-level language.
In other words, the language around people is a high-level language. High-level language people can write, understand and remember quickly. The most widely used high-level languages are C, C, BASIC, PASCAL, COBOL, FORTRAN, ORACLE, JAVA, etc. Two types of translator programs are used to convert advanced language into machine language. Compiler and interpreter.
Question-8. What is a translator program/What is a program?
A: A proposal/plan that converts a computer’s source program into an object proposal/plan is called a translator program. In other words, a proposal/plan used to translate a proposal/plan written in different languages into machine languages (0 and 1) is called a translator program. The computer cannot directly understand any language other than the binary numbers 0 and 1. So other languages have to be changed to machine languages. There are three types of translator proposals/plans:
- i) Assembler ii) Interpreter iii) Compiler
- i) Assembler: A translator proposal/plan that translates mnemonic code written in Assembly language into machine language is called Assembler. It turns every instruction in assembly language into every instruction in machine language.
- ii) Interpreter: A translator program that translates a high-level language source program into an object proposal/plan and reads and translates it one line at a time is called an interpreter. This makes it easier to correct or change errors in the proposal/plan. However, the interpreter is slow. Because of the small size of the interpreter program, it takes up less memory space. Such as Qbasic, GWbasic, etc.
iii) Compiler: A translator proposal/plan that translates a high-level language source proposal/plan into an object proposal/plan and reads and translates the entire proposal/plan together is called a compiler. The larger the compiler proposal/plan size, the more memory space it takes to use. Compiler speeds up.
The compiler converts a program written in a higher language into a complete machine language. Such as C, C, BASIC, PASCAL, FORTRAN, JAVA, etc.
Question-9. What is an algorithm/program?
Answer: An algorithm is a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem. An algorithm is the process of writing and executing a program to solve a problem by sequentially completing or completing the steps from beginning to end. The word algorithm is derived from the name of the Muslim mathematician al-Kharijami.
Q-10. What is a flow chart?
Ans: Flowchart is the process of writing and executing a program to solve a problem by recording or completing the steps from the beginning to the end. What is a program?
Question-11. What is Pseudo Code?
Answer: Pseudo is a Greek word. The word pseudo means pseudo or which is not true. A combination of a number of instructions or statements containing the type and function of the program is called pseudocode.
Question-12. What is the data type/program?
Answer: The chaotic events or facts that are collected for processing are called data types. Or the type of data is called data type.
There are mainly 3 types of data types in the C program. E.g.
- A) User-defined or custom data type
In C programming you can create your own data type as required or desired. Such data type is called user-defined or custom data type.
- B) Built-in data type: Data that is pre-created in the program and used in the C program based on data type and memory storage is called built-in data type. This data cannot be changed in any way. This data type is mainly divided into four parts. For example, character, integer, floating, double are also called basic data types.
What is used when defining data type is called derived data type or base type. Derived data types may contain attributes or mixed elements. Derived data types include arrays, functions, pointers, references.
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What is a program?
What is a program?